仅用一句SQL更新整张表的涨跌幅、涨跌率

资讯信息 2个月前 星空
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问题场景

各大平台店铺的三项评分(物流、服务、商品)变化情况;
商品每日价格的变化记录;
股票的实时涨跌浮;

复现场景

表:主键ID,商品编号,记录时的时间,记录时的价格,创建时间。
问题:获取每个商品每次的变化情况(涨跌幅、涨跌率)。

解决思路

1、要想高效率的更新涨跌,就肯定不能是逐条数据更新,要通过自连表建立起对应关系,将每一条数据关联到上一次的价格数据。

2、由于数据库非常庞大,所以可能存在很多垃圾数据,就比如说相关的字段值为NULL或者非有效值的,这些数据要先排除掉。

SELECT id,goods_code,goods_date,goods_price FROM test_goods_price_change WHERE goods_price IS NOT NULL AND goods_date IS NOT NULL;

3、然后在获取每条数据的上一条数据,同样也要先排除掉垃圾数据。

SELECT tmp_a.*, MAX(tmp_b.goods_date) AS last_date FROM 
( SELECT id,goods_code,goods_date,goods_price FROM test_goods_price_change WHERE goods_price IS NOT NULL AND goods_date IS NOT NULL ) AS tmp_a
LEFT JOIN
( SELECT id,goods_code,goods_date,goods_price FROM test_goods_price_change WHERE goods_price IS NOT NULL AND goods_date IS NOT NULL ) AS tmp_b
ON tmp_a.goods_code = tmp_b.goods_code AND tmp_a.goods_date > tmp_b.goods_date GROUP BY tmp_a.id;

4、获取到上一条数据后,获取上条数据对应的商品价格。

SELECT tmp_ab.*,tmp_c.goods_price AS last_price FROM 
(
	SELECT tmp_a.*, MAX(tmp_b.goods_date) AS last_date FROM 
	( SELECT id,goods_code,goods_date,goods_price FROM test_goods_price_change WHERE goods_price IS NOT NULL AND goods_date IS NOT NULL ) AS tmp_a
	LEFT JOIN
	( SELECT id,goods_code,goods_date,goods_price FROM test_goods_price_change WHERE goods_price IS NOT NULL AND goods_date IS NOT NULL ) AS tmp_b
	ON tmp_a.goods_code = tmp_b.goods_code AND tmp_a.goods_date > tmp_b.goods_date GROUP BY tmp_a.id
) AS tmp_ab 
LEFT JOIN (SELECT id,goods_code,goods_date,goods_price FROM test_goods_price_change WHERE goods_price IS NOT NULL AND goods_date IS NOT NULL ) AS tmp_c
ON tmp_ab.goods_code = tmp_c.goods_code AND tmp_c.goods_date = tmp_ab.last_date ORDER BY tmp_ab.id;

5、获取到上条数据以及对应的价格后,开始进行计算,获取到最终的结果。

SELECT 
	*, 
	(CONVERT(goods_price, DECIMAL(10,2)) - CONVERT(last_price, DECIMAL(10,2))) AS '涨跌幅',
	ROUND((CONVERT(goods_price, DECIMAL(10,2)) - CONVERT(last_price, DECIMAL(10,2)))/CONVERT(last_price, DECIMAL(10,2)), 2) AS '涨跌率' 
FROM (
	SELECT tmp_ab.*,tmp_c.goods_price AS last_price FROM 
	(
		SELECT tmp_a.*, MAX(tmp_b.goods_date) AS last_date FROM 
		( SELECT id,goods_code,goods_date,goods_price FROM test_goods_price_change WHERE goods_price IS NOT NULL AND goods_date IS NOT NULL ) AS tmp_a
		LEFT JOIN
		( SELECT id,goods_code,goods_date,goods_price FROM test_goods_price_change WHERE goods_price IS NOT NULL AND goods_date IS NOT NULL ) AS tmp_b
		ON tmp_a.goods_code = tmp_b.goods_code AND tmp_a.goods_date > tmp_b.goods_date GROUP BY tmp_a.id
	) AS tmp_ab 
	LEFT JOIN (SELECT id,goods_code,goods_date,goods_price FROM test_goods_price_change WHERE goods_price IS NOT NULL AND goods_date IS NOT NULL ) AS tmp_c
	ON tmp_ab.goods_code = tmp_c.goods_code AND tmp_c.goods_date = tmp_ab.last_date ORDER BY tmp_ab.id
) AS tmp

解决方案

-- 创建表SQL
CREATE TABLE `test_goods_price_change` (
  `id` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT COMMENT '主键ID',
  `goods_code` varchar(50) NOT NULL COMMENT '商品编码',
  `goods_date` int(11) NOT NULL COMMENT '记录时的时间',
  `goods_price` decimal(10,2) NOT NULL COMMENT '记录时的价格',
  `created_at` int(11) NOT NULL COMMENT '创建时间',
  PRIMARY KEY (`id`)
) ENGINE=InnoDB CHARSET=utf8mb4;

-- 获取涨跌浮SQL
SELECT 
	*, 
	(CONVERT(goods_price, DECIMAL(10,2)) - CONVERT(last_price, DECIMAL(10,2))) AS '涨跌幅',
	ROUND((CONVERT(goods_price, DECIMAL(10,2)) - CONVERT(last_price, DECIMAL(10,2)))/CONVERT(last_price, DECIMAL(10,2)), 2) AS '涨跌率' 
FROM (
	SELECT tmp_ab.*,tmp_c.goods_price AS last_price FROM 
	(
		SELECT tmp_a.*, MAX(tmp_b.goods_date) AS last_date FROM 
		( SELECT id,goods_code,goods_date,goods_price FROM test_goods_price_change WHERE goods_price IS NOT NULL AND goods_date IS NOT NULL ) AS tmp_a
		LEFT JOIN
		( SELECT id,goods_code,goods_date,goods_price FROM test_goods_price_change WHERE goods_price IS NOT NULL AND goods_date IS NOT NULL ) AS tmp_b
		ON tmp_a.goods_code = tmp_b.goods_code AND tmp_a.goods_date > tmp_b.goods_date GROUP BY tmp_a.id
	) AS tmp_ab 
	LEFT JOIN (SELECT id,goods_code,goods_date,goods_price FROM test_goods_price_change WHERE goods_price IS NOT NULL AND goods_date IS NOT NULL ) AS tmp_c
	ON tmp_ab.goods_code = tmp_c.goods_code AND tmp_c.goods_date = tmp_ab.last_date ORDER BY tmp_ab.id
) AS tmp
版权声明:星空 发表于 2021年5月6日 上午4:17。
转载请注明:仅用一句SQL更新整张表的涨跌幅、涨跌率 | 浩瀚星空

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